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Mahamudo Amurane

4 October 2017

Nampula, Mozambique

Mahamudo Amurane


Politics & Governance


Governance targeting

Political dissent

‘Amurane sensed something was going to happen’

Mahamudo Amurane was elected as mayor of Nampula Municipal Council in 2013, standing for one of several opposition parties, the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM). Nampula is the largest urban centre in the north of Mozambique, with just over a million inhabitants.

Amurane was murdered in the evening of 4 October 2017 at his home in Namutequeliua, a suburb a few kilometres from the city centre. He died from gunshot wounds inflicted by assailants who remain unidentified.

Born in 1973, Amurane was a graduate of the Catholic University of Minas Gerais in Brazil. During his career, he had worked as an independent consultant in public-sector management. He also taught in universities in Mozambique.

A few months before his death, after an apparent dispute with senior party members, he had announced his intention to step down from the MDM and that he would stand for a second term in the municipal elections the following year, but as the head of a new political formation. Amurane had had a ‘public row’ with the MDM president, Daviz Simango – a dispute that led to suspicions that the MDM was involved in the murder. However, at the time of writing there was no firm evidence that this was the case.

During the period that he led the municipal council, Amurane was well known for his intolerance of corruption. When he took over as mayor, the municipality was heavily in debt to suppliers of services and goods, and conflict over land was simmering. As a member of one of Mozambique’s main opposition parties, Amurane was forced to take hard measures to gain taxpayers’ and residents’ trust, so his administration set up a high-level management system, a consequence of which was that certain municipal officials were tried and convicted for their involvement in municipal corruption.

Furthermore, Amurane refused to divert resources from the city council to the MDM, for which it is probable that he faced threats and intimidation. Amurane found himself being hounded by reputed mafia bosses, who were no longer able to influence, and thereby gain from, public tenders in the municipal council. It is also public knowledge that, before his death, he had received threats from members of the MDM in the Nampula Municipal Assembly.

Entrepreneurs who had established a clientelist network in the council began to target Mayor Amurane, allegedly paying journalists to write reports to tarnish his image.

Amurane had a vision for a better city. He planned for improved infrastructure and services, and was credited for making the city of Nampula the cleanest in the country through a system for the treatment of solid waste. He developed new municipal infrastructure projects, including the construction and repair of roads, bridges and flyovers, and sustainable water programmes. He planned the construction of a circular road connecting the city centre with the suburbs. Another project that the mayor had for Nampula was the introduction of a municipal public-transport system.

He also introduced a participative budget, a planning tool that directly involves citizens in setting priorities for their residential areas. Moreover, Amurane empowered disadvantaged women by supporting them in creating entities that provided services to the municipality.

Faizal Ibramugy, head of the office of the Nampula mayor, told the author that Amurane was a person who defended integrity and honesty in everything that the council did, and he knew, he said, that Amurane had provoked certain well-connected elites within the public administration. Ibramugy confirmed that many entrepreneurs had tried to influence Amurane with money in a bid to approve projects linked to lucrative land access in the city.

Amurane greeting colleagues as mayor

Amurane greeting colleagues as mayor

Days before he was murdered, Amurane had told his family that he sensed something was going to happen.

A year after Amurane’s murder, Mozambique’s National Criminal Investigation Service (SERNIC) said in a Maputo press conference that members of the MDM, including unnamed senior figures, were allegedly involved in the assassination, pointing to, but not confirming with hard evidence, a hand of the regime in the matter. The head of SERNIC’s public-relations department, Leonardo Simbine, said their investigations had led to the identification of 10 suspects, whom he did not name.

‘We found information that indicates the involvement of party members, including MDM senior party officials, among the accused,’ Simbine said. ‘Although this is preliminary, in that the investigations are not yet finished, and despite the presumption of innocence, we would like to share with you that we have ascertained [details] that indicate the involvement of members, including senior figures, of the MDM, and there are now 10 suspects,’ he said.

The case was referred to the provincial attorney of Nampula in October 2018, days before the municipal elections that Amurane would have contested.

Amurane left behind two children.

November 2022 update

On 2 November 2022, the Nampula Judicial Court sentenced Saíde Abdulremane, a former councillor, and Zainal Satar, a local businessman, to 20 and 23 years in prison for Amurane’s assassination. According to the Public Prosecutor’s Office, the two accused were responsible for shooting and killing Mahamudo Amurane and the murder was motivated by Amurane’s withdrawal of a document signed by Abdulremane granting the acquisition of space in the city centre to Satar. Despite the conviction, civil society groups claim that the masterminds have not yet been identified and justice has not been fully served.